In 1957, Noël de Plasse, a researcher working for French textile company Lainie`re de Roubaix, made an appealing discovery. He learned that, under high temperature, certain solid dyes could pass straight to the gaseous phase without first transforming into a liquid. This physical process is known as sublimation, and what de Plasse had discovered was eventually termed Sublimation ink. Nothing much was carried out with dye-sublimation until the late 60s, if it began to be utilized during early computer printers. Today, dye-sublimation printing has become a popular and versatile method that is predominantly utilized for various types of textile printing, but in addition rivals UV for printing on three-dimensional objects like mugs, smartphone covers, as well as other specialty items.
A dye-sublimation ink includes solid pigment or dye suspended inside a liquid vehicle. A picture is printed onto a transfer paper-also known as release paper-as well as the paper is brought into connection with a polyester fabric using a heat press. Under heat and pressure, the solid dye sublimates and suffuses in to the fabric, solidifying on the fibers. The image physically becomes portion of the substrate.
For years, printing through a transfer medium is the regular dye-sub method. However, there emerged systems-called direct Sublimation paper or direct disperse-that can print directly onto a fabric without requiring a transfer sheet. It’s tempting to consider, “Aha! Now I can save on transfer paper,” but it’s not quite as easy as that. Both varieties of dye-sub have their own advantages in addition to their disadvantages, of course, if you’re unfamiliar with the technology, or would like to purchase a dye-sub system, its smart to comprehend the rewards and limitations of each and every.
The major benefit of using a transfer process is image quality. “You get a more in depth image, the edges are a little sharper, text is far more crisp and sharp, and colors will be more vivid,” said Tim Check, Product Manager, Professional Imaging for Epson. Epson’s SureColor F Series dye-sublimation printers comprise the F6200, F7200, and F9200.
With transfer paper, during heat transfer vinyl, the ink doesn’t penetrate far into the substrate, remaining close to the surface. On the other hand, direct disperse penetrates further into dexopky66 fabric, which-much like inkjet printing on plain paper-implies that fine detail is lost and colours become less vivid.
“For me, the real difference will definitely be clarity because you’re always getting a cleaner, crisper print when you’re doing a print to paper after which transferring,” said Steven Moreno, founder and principal of L.A.’s MY Prints, an electronic digital print shop that specializes in apparel prototyping and garments for entertainment industry costume houses, and also flags, banners, along with other display graphics. Nearly all of MY Prints’ work is dye-sub-based. “For something with fine detail we might always want to use transfer paper.”
An additional benefit of making use of a transfer process is that you may deal with any kind of surface by using a polyester coating: banners, mugs, flip-flops, you name it. “There are so many applications, and that’s really the benefit of a transfer process,” said Check. “It makes it a really versatile solution.”